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1. Choosing A Fixed Or An Extending TV Wall Mount?
When choosing how to mount your TV on the wall, the choice often comes down between a flush fixed tv mount or an extending tv wall mount. Which one you go for depends on how you will use your TV and what you expect from your wall mount.
If you plan on mounting your TV at eye level and you don’t expect to have to move it around, a fixed mount might be all you need. Fixed mounts are also suitable for situations wherein you won’t need access to the TV’s ports too often. Fixed mounts are generally easy to install and are often the most affordable types of TV mounts.
On the other hand, you will want to go for an extending wall mount if you want to be able to watch TV from different areas of your room. However, keep in mind that extending mounts will have to be mounted more securely to allow for regular maneuvering and extended weight.
2. Determine Wall Type [Timber Or Concrete]
You will first have to consider the wall where you will be installing your TV. In most cases, you will have no choice but to work with the wall you have. Concrete walls generally give you more freedom to install the mount where you want, although installing it securely will require more work and special bolts and screws designed to anchor in the concrete.
With a wooden wall, you will have to work with the existing structure or install a new timber frame. This may require removing and reinstalling plasterboard, with a fresh coat of paint.
3. Measuring And Marking Tips [Using Painters tape]
Painters tape can be a useful aid when mounting a TV to the drywall. It can be used as a non-permanent marker to mark off the ideal height of the wall mount and test out a position. You can also use painters tape to mark fixing points on the wall like studs.
- Make sure to mark off the installation spot accurately, using a stud finder if necessary.
- Decide on the optimum height for your TV.
- Use a level and mark the top and bottom edge where the TV will be with painters tape.
- If necessary, use the paper template included with your wall mount. If the package didn’t come with a template, you will have to measure out the mounting spots manually.
Mounting The TV Bracket [Overview]
Break this up into 3 steps, first install the plate on the wall, next install the connection bracket to the TV, and lastly, the TV with the connection plate should just lift and hook onto the wall plate. This is the case with most TV mount designs, smaller full motion brackets might be different.
4. A) Installing A TV Mount On A Timber Wall
Mounting your TV to a wooden wall is usually easier than mounting it to concrete. The material is softer and easier to penetrate, so you could screw in the hardware fairly easily when you know the location of the studs. That said, you may have to reinforce the framing if you have a particularly heavy TV. And if the studs are too far apart–or if there aren’t any studs at all–you will have to do a bit of prep work to mount your TV securely to the wall.
How to find studs inside a wall?
The most important part of mounting to timber or drywall is learning how to find studs in the wall for TV mount. In many cases, this is as easy as following the electrical outlets and light switches, which are commonly installed on studs. Here’s how to find the studs in drywall:
- First, look for outlets that can give you a clue to where a stud might be located.
- Pinpoint where the wooden vertical framing runs, by taping the wall and listening for a solid sound, or using stud finder.
- Most TV’s mounts require 2 studs for the right fixing, so once you have located the first stud search for the next closest one, try checking standard stud spacing first by measuring 16 and 24 inches, and then use the same technique above to check it.
- Confirm what this stud spacing is and make sure to order a TV mount bracket that is compatible with this spacing.
If you have trouble finding the stud, using the tapping method consider purchasing a stud finder. They won’t cost much and will help you find the center point of any stud that is covered by drywall less than 1 ½ inch thick.
When using the tapping method, you should check for framing before drilling a big coach screw into the wall, use a small panel pin or nail, to make a few holes, to find both edges of the stud. This means that when you fix the wall plate you know you are fixing directly in the center of the stud, you don’t wanna risk fixing to the very side. Use a battery drill to drill the pilot hole and a crescent or socket set to screw in the coach bolt.
These holes can be easily filled if you remove your TV mount in the future, but currently, the bracket will easily hide them.
Use Timber Coach Screws
You will have to use coach screws to attach the base plate of your wall mount to the wall. These screws have a much wider gauge so you can distinguish them from regular screws.
The best timber screws for wall mounts have flat heads that sit flush with the surrounding bracket. They are typically made from hardened steel, although brass and stainless steel screws are quite common as well. The TV mount will come with the right screws that you need.
To prevent cracking the drywall, and to actually get a coach screw in easily it is necessary to pre-drill holes for coach screws. Don’t pre-drill a hold to wide, however, that the screw won’t fully bite and tighten up. Aim for a drill bit slightly less than half the thickness of the solid part of the coach screw, not the thread. You may need a socket set to tighten the screw by hand.
If the screw has a screw head (not ideal) make sure your drive tool or drill bit matches the heads perfectly as well to prevent stripping.
What To Do If The Studs Are Too Far Apart?
What if the studs are too far apart? Some mounts won’t support standard stud centers. Your options then would be to change it out for a mount that fits or cutting the wall open to add horizontal fixing points. This might be the more feasible course of action, if you are mounting a big TV like a 65, or 70-inch TV on an extending arm. This results in a more secure mount that won’t twist the studs even when your TV is heavy. Here’s how to mount a TV on a wall where the studs are too far apart, or you want extra timber to support the load of a heavy TV on an extendable mount:
- Mark the plasterboard to be cut out on your wall, it should be a rectangle shape.
- Starting with marking the vertical points, this is going to be in the center of both studs exactly. This is so when you reinstall the plasterboard you already have timber fixing there, you want to use this piece you are cutting out as the replacement plasterboard so you don’t have to buy a brand-new sheet.
- Locate the height you want to install your TV
- Measure the height of the bracket and the distance between the top and bottom fixing points in the mount
- Give yourself enough room to add horizontal fixing that will cover your two fixing rows, and slip up behind the plasterboard cut out, to act as a line for fixing for the plasterboard as well on the horizontal lines. Use wide timber 6/2 or 8/2 this means you have plenty of surface fixing surface for this.
- When you work this out mark the top and bottom cut outlines.
- Now cut out the lining with a knife and an old hand saw. You can later use the lining you cut out by gluing it back on the stud with screws. So be careful to do a nice cut, without breaking any corners. Even if you do a wobbly cut, the piece should fit back in like a jigsaw puzzle, the join will later be hidden with plaster, and paint.
- Add a suitable length of framing at the top and bottom of the lining join as solid horizontal fixing in the wall were required by the TV bracket, this should ideally be the same bit of timber. Meaning there are 2 total horizontal blocks, not 4. Use large Tek screws or coach screws back into the studs at either end as this will support the weight of the TV.
4. B) How To Mount A TV On A Concrete Wall
If you are mounting your TV on a concrete wall, you can use the template that came with your wall mount to mark off the right spot on the wall. The process is similar to using painters tape to mark the mounting holes. Use a pencil to mark the spot where you will drill the holes according to the TV wall mount installation guide. You may also use a level to ensure that your drill holes are level. If no template is available just use the TV mount itself against the wall to mark the holes that need to be drilled.
Using Dynabolts And Concrete Anchors
To secure your TV mount to a concrete wall, you can use any of several different types of bolts. Your choices include true bolts, Dynabolts, and raw plugs with screws. In most cases, it would be best to use the bolts that come with your wall mount. However, keep in mind that raw plugs won’t be as strong as Dynabolts or true bolts, so you may have to change them out if you have a heavy TV. And while true bolts are pretty easy to remove later on, you might have some difficulty removing Dynabolts. In some cases, you may even have to use an angle grinder to remove stubborn Dynabolts.
5. Hocking The TV To The Wall Mount
Attaching the mounting bracket to the wall is only one part of the process. You will also have to attach the mounting plate to your TV so that it can be ‘hocked’ to the wall bracket. Here’s how to do it:
- First, attach the mounting bracket to the wall.
- Next, attach the mounting plate to your TV. With many TVs, you will first have to remove the stand to reveal the attachment holes. The holes may also be covered with plastic or may have screws in them.
- Attach the mounting plate to your TV using the included hardware.
- Lift up your TV slowly and hock it to the mounting bracket on the wall. If your TV is heavy, get someone to lend you a hand so that you can attach it properly.
How High To Mount A TV On The Wall?
How high you mount your TV to the wall is depends on a few factors. You will have to consider the following:
- The size of the TV
- The optimum viewing distance
- Eye-level height
- Viewing angle
The optimum height for a 32” TV differs from that of a 42” or 55” TV. Keep in mind that you will have to measure the distance from the floor to the center of the TV.
You will also have to consider the ideal viewing distance using this formula: the size of the TV divided by 0.55. Therefore a 42” TV should be 76 inches away.
How To Install A TV With No Studs & With-Out Re-Framing?
If the only available wall where you can mount your TV doesn’t have studs, it the right position, and you don’t want to open a wall up don’t lose hope. You can still mount your TV to the wall with a few caveats. First, your TV must be fairly small and light. You will also have to use a fixed mount instead of an extendable one. If you can live with these restrictions, you can mount your TV pretty securely using the parts that come with your mounting kit. Here are some options to mount a TV to a wall without studs and opening up the wall:
First, check your mounting kit for plastic screws that are intended for use with plasterboard only fixing, these have a large thread but only suitable for very small TVs and you definitely don’t want to rely on them for any type of extending TV arm. They would also be less secure in the event of an earthquake or being knocked too hard.
Otherwise, you could add an additional sheet of lining over the top of the current wall using a stronger lining like plywood or Partial board. You would need to bolt the wall mount to the new lining before attaching the new lining to the wall this is due to the thickness of the new lining. You wouldn’t be able to use the coach screws that came in the box, but instead, you should buy some nuts/bolts and washers that can be used to instead securely fit to a 1-Inch thick sheet.
How To Remove TV From Wall Mount?
If at some point in the future, you wish to remove your TV from the wall mount, you will simply have to reverse the process of attaching the TV to the mount and installing it on the wall. Here’s how to take a TV off a wall mount:
- First, lift up the TV from the bracket or wall mount. Get some help if your TV is heavy,
- Next, remove the bracket from the TV, and reattach the original stand.
- If you are removing the wall mount permanently as well, remove the bracket from the wall/
- Fill in the holes in the wall with filler and paint over the area.
How To Corner Wall Mount Your TV?
If you want to corner wall mount your TV, an extending wall mount can work, a fixed wall mount will not. A corner wall mount for a flat-screen TV will position your TV in a room corner so that the screen can beer more easily viewed from any spot in the room. Having your TV on an extended mount will make it easy for you to access the ports and controls without having to squeeze into a tight corner as well.
Learning how to install a TV wall mount and hook your TV up might seem like a bigger job than it is. But it is quite manageable if you have read this guide and the guide that will come with your specific mount. Most wall mount kits come with detailed diagrams and instructions as well, which helps you figure out which parts go where.
One thing to keep in mind is that if you are planning on installing your wall mount on a concrete surface, it might be better to go for bigger true bolts instead of plastic raw plugs if that is what comes in the box. These provide an added measure of security, which will come in handy if you have a heavy TV, or in the event of an earthquake.
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